Oral Health Guidelines For Children

Your baby’s oral health care starts when you get pregnant. It is important that you eat right food during pregnancy, so you can provide your baby’s teeth with a good start. Especially it is important that you consume enough calcium, as it is crucial nutrient to form strong teeth as well as bones. You also need to take enough vitamin D, as your body needs it to absorb calcium.


Substantial amount of calcium is essential for strong teeth and healthy gums. Eat plenty of dark green leafy vegetables, low fat dairy products, fortified soy milk or rice milk, almonds, canned sardines or salmon (include bones), which are all great sources of calcium.

In order to absorb the calcium, your body requires vitamin D. Foods rich in Vitamin D are fluid milk, fortified rice milk and soy milk, margarine, oily fish such as sardine and salmon, you also need reasonable exposure to the sun.

The key element is fluoride. Generally speaking, if the children are given fluoride in the early stage of their lives, teeth cavities can be prevented. Fluoridated water is supplied in many municipalities, and you can take fluoride by consuming drinks made with fluoridated water. Lots of brands of dental products such as toothpaste and mouth wash also contain fluoride. If drinking water is not fluoride in your area, you can give fluoride supplements to your children. Make sure to check whether the water supply in your area is fluoridated, as excess fluoride consumption can cause harm to the teeth.

Other essential nutrients are magnesium, phosphorus, beta carotene and vitamin A. Together with fluoride and calcium, minerals are required to form the tooth enamel. Those minerals are phosphorus (good sources are meat, eggs and fish) and magnesium (good sources are whole grains, bananas and spinach). Vitamin A is important to build strong teeth and bones. Your body turns beta carotene into vitamin A, and foods like orange colored vegetables and fruits and green leafy vegetables are rich in beta carotene.

Young children are especially vulnerable to tooth decay, so parents need to:

1. Provide good foods and establish a healthy dietary habit throughout childhood.

2. Brush your children’s teeth until they become good enough to do it thoroughly by themselves, generally by the age of six or seven.

3. Even after they can brush their teeth by their own, still supervise their brushing and flossing twice a day.

4. Never let your babies or toddlers take a bottle with them in bed, regardless it is milk, sweet drink or juice in the bottle.

5. Never put pacifiers in syrup or honey.

Some foods can help protect from teeth cavities. For example, if you eat aged cheeses at the end of the meal, it helps prevent cavities. If you chew sugarless gum, it stimulates the flow of saliva, and flushes out food remains as well as decreases acid in your mouth. It is important to rinse your mouth and brush your teeth after each meal to prevent cavities. Below are some tips:

Consume Lots Of

1. Foods rich in calcium such as low-fat yogurt, milk, and cheese.

2. Fresh vegetables and fruits for vitamin C and A, chew them well to develop healthy gums.

3. Tea. It is an excellent source of fluoride.

Limit Intake

1. Sticky foods such as dried fruits as they stick between the teeth.

Avoid Intake

1. Sugary snacks and drinks.

2. Constant consumption of acidic drinks for long periods of time.


Source: toothachesremedies.net

The Causes and Symptoms of TMJ or TMD

TMJ or TMD as it is often called, is complex and there are often many causes of it. Some include infections, injuries to the jaw, dental procedures, arthritis, autoimmune problems and even breathing tubes inserted prior to surgeries.


There are also environment, genetic and hormonal factors that can increase the risks for getting the condition. Studies show that there is a gene variant that increases a person’s sensitivity to pain. This variant is more prevalent among TMJ patients than it is among the general population.

Another observation is that jaw problems are commonly found in women of childbearing age. This observation has led some researchers to feel that there is a role that female sex hormones like estrogen play in TMJ.

Environmental factors that cause it would include chewing gum constantly. Also, if a person puts a phone on his or her shoulder as a habit, he or she might be more inclined to experience TMJ. Singers and violinists are also prime candidates for this issue. Prolonged positioning of the head and neck to hold an instrument has a lot to do with causing it.

The Major Symptoms of TMJ or TMD

The pain of TMJ is often dull but intense. It can come and go as the jaw loosens or clamps down, especially during eating or during times of stress when many people clench their jaws. The pain can spread to areas surrounding the jaw.

However, there are some people who report no pain, but they report having problems moving their jaws. Other symptoms may include the following:

  • Pain in jaw muscles
  • Soreness in the neck or shoulders
  • Recurring headaches
  • Jaw muscle stiffness
  • A sensation of the jaw locking
  • Ear pain or tinnitus
  • Uncomfortable feeling of the jaw clicking, popping or grating against itself
  • An off-kilter bite
  • Dizziness

Occasional discomfort or clicking in the jaw area or in the chewing muscles can occur without being a concern. If the problem goes away on its own in a few days, it is nothing to worry about, but if it persists, becomes more painful and lasts more than two weeks, contact your health care practitioner.

Source www.tmjssymptoms.com

Intraocular Pressure and Glaucoma

Intraocular pressure is determined by the balance between the production and drainage of fluid within the eye. The right method to quantify it is called Tonometry which gives the measures in mm of mercury (mmHg). For the right function of the eye and its anatomical structures is important to keep the intraocular pressure between 10- 21 mmHg.


Keeping the pressure in this physiological range is necessary to preserve the optimal anatomical conditions for refraction, and allowing a correct vision. From the physiological point of view, in fact the intraocular pressure tries to keep stable the ocular bulb shape, protecting him from deformations that can be caused from the eyelid weight and the tone of the extra ocular muscles. Also if prohibits the edema formation, by droning the waste metabolites in the bloodstream.

Different factors can influence transiently the pressure levels, like: heart rate, the consumption of alcohol and caffeine, exercise and fluid intake or some systemic or topical drugs. A pathological alteration of the eye pressure can contrariwise cause unpleasant consequences for the visual function and can occur without the patient’s knowledge.

The elevate pressure inside the eye is an important indicator in glaucoma valuation, to whom it is a risk factor. This disease in general doesn’t cause pain, or particular symptoms, but can cause characteristic alterations to the optic nerve and to the neural cells inside the retina. If glaucoma progresses and doest get the right treatment, it can influence the peripheral vision and cause irreversible damages to the optic nerve that can cause even blindness.
In most cases the pressure is harmful if it’s more than 21 mmHg, but some patients can suffer adverse consequences with a lower intraocular pressure (normal-pressure glaucoma). On the contrary some people can tolerate higher than normal values without significant damages to the nerve and the field of vision.

Source: Trupi dhe Shendeti